A Timeline of Environmental History and Activism in Minnesota

When the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency approved the final permit for Canadian oil giant Enbridge’s $2.6 billion Line 3 pipeline project, environmental activists led by the Giniw Collective immediately chained themselves to trees near the construction site, hoping to somehow delay or even halt the project—again. It was the latest altercation in a more than century-long struggle that’s come to define Minnesota’s very nature.